If you are curious to know if and when you are most capable of conceiving a baby in your womb, you may want to start checking out your monthly fertile cycle.

A woman has to be fertile in order to conceive and there is a particular time of the month when you are fertile. A fertile cycle is a monthly rotation of a series of changes that a female body has to go through to prepare for a possible pregnancy.

To understand your fertile cycle, you need to know a good background on the cycle of menstruation as well. Menstruation is a natural biological process that occurs when your uterine lining sheds off a lining called endometrium. In this process, you bleed via your vagina and it usually last for 3 to 7 days.

In your fertile cycle, if you have a normal 28-day cycle, you are considered to be most fertile between days 12-16, or most commonly, on day 14. In short, you are ovulating. During this time, your reproductive system is ripe for conception where an egg released from your ovary eagerly waits for a sperm to help it become fertilized. Therefore, when you are having sex during your menstruation and your partner’s ejaculation happens within your vagina, there is a high probability of you getting pregnant.

As previously mentioned, in your fertile cycle or ovulation period, your body prepares itself for the possibility of pregnancy. So each month, you release an egg or ovum from your ovaries and it travels down to your fallopian tube or womb. If no intercourse happens during this time period, or the egg does not become fertilized, it will be removed from your womb during your menstruation.

How long does your fertile cycle last?

The fertile cycle is different for every woman. The average fertile cycle is 28 days.  However, there are many healthy women who experience shorter or longer fertile cycle. If such is your case, it does not necessarily follow that something is wrong with your fertility.

What triggers your ovulation?

Aside from the fact that it is your biological nature to ovulate every month and that it is a part of your fertile cycle, ovulation also occurs basically because of your hormones. In the early part of your fertile cycle, your body releases a hormone called the Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) that initiates your body to start the process of maturing the eggs and have them ready for ovulation. There is also a rise in the production of estrogen hormone that consequently triggers the release of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) that causes the matured egg to break from the follicle.

Can fertile cycle be painful?

A lot of people–especially the male species of the population–are curious as to whether going through the fertile cycle is painful or not. For some women, the cycle of ovulation can give them a monthly sharp pain in the lower abdomen called Mittelschmerz. This pain is felt during the release of the ripe egg from the ovary. In rare cases, come women experience a small amount of blood loss when they ovulate.

Will a normal fertile cycle always guarantee a promise of conception?

If your are a woman in your ripe reproductive age who is eager to get pregnant, a fertile cycle will almost always guarantee a greater chance of you getting pregnant if you have intercourse during these days. However, this can only be true for women who have a healthy reproductive system. Some women, it may take more than a normal fertile cycle to conceive. The help of fertility drugs and artificial inseminations may aid in the ultimate development of a fetus inside the womb.

Also, age can be a culprit for women unable to conceive even after having a normal fertile cycle. When you reach the age of 30, the production of matured eggs in your ovaries slows down to a lower level and will continue to significantly drop every year after that. That is the reason why a lot of women past 30 are having a harder time conceiving compared to women in their 20s.

Your fertile cycle helps you determine that right time of the month when you are ovulating and ready for conception. Keep a healthy body and mind for a normal and regular fertile cycle every month.